What to Know About a Gummy Smile

When you smile, do your gums show more than you would like? If so, you may have what is commonly referred to as a “gummy smile.” Many people with this condition feel self-conscious about their appearance and avoid smiling altogether. The good news is that there are a few different treatments available that can help improve the appearance of a gummy smile.

In order to determine the best course of action for treating a gummy smile, it’s important to first understand what is causing the issue. In some cases, the gums may actually be larger than they should be, while in others, the upper lip may be too short, causing the gums to appear more prominent.

Depending on the cause of the gummy smile, treatment options may include gum contouring, a lip repositioning procedure, or even Botox injections. It’s important to work with a qualified dental professional who can help you determine the best treatment option for your specific needs.

Ultimately, with the right treatment approach, you can enjoy a more confident smile that you’re proud to show off. Don’t let a gummy smile hold you back any longer – reach out to a dental professional today to learn more about your treatment options.

The Basics

What is a gummy smile?

A gummy smile is characterized by an excessive amount of gum tissue showing when a person smiles. This can be caused by a variety of factors including small teeth, an overgrowth of gum tissue, or a hyperactive upper lip that lifts too high when smiling.

What are the options for treating a gummy smile?

There are several options available for treating a gummy smile, including:

  • Gum contouring: a cosmetic procedure that involves removing excess gum tissue to reveal more of the tooth’s surface.
  • Botox injections: a temporary solution that can help relax the upper lip muscles, preventing it from lifting too high when smiling.
  • Orthodontic treatment: braces or clear aligners can be used to correct the position of the teeth, which may improve the appearance of a gummy smile.
  • Surgical lip repositioning: a more permanent solution that involves repositioning the upper lip to reveal less of the gum tissue when smiling.

Who is a good candidate for gummy smile treatment?

Anyone who is bothered by the appearance of their gummy smile can be a good candidate for treatment. It is important to consult with a dental professional to determine the underlying cause of the gummy smile and to discuss the best treatment options.

Causes of a Gummy Smile

Excess Gum Tissue

One common cause of a gummy smile is simply having too much gum tissue. This may occur due to genetics or certain medical conditions. In some cases, the teeth may appear shorter because they are partially covered by excess gum tissue.

Abnormal Tooth Eruption

Another cause of a gummy smile may be abnormal tooth eruption. This occurs when the teeth do not emerge at the proper position in the jaw. As a result, you may have an excess of gum tissue present when you smile.

Skeletal Problems

Gummy smiles can also be caused by skeletal problems, where the upper jaw is larger than the lower jaw, resulting in an overextended lip. This is known as maxillary excess. Correcting skeletal problems may require orthodontic treatment or even surgery.

Muscle Problems

Muscle problems may also cause a gummy smile. If the muscle that controls the upper lip is hyperactive, it can elevate the lip too high when you smile, revealing more gum tissue than is normal. This can be corrected with Botox injections or other treatments.

Dental Restorations

Finally, a gummy smile may be caused by dental restorations like dental crowns or bridges that are too large or not shaped properly. If this is the case, a cosmetic dentist can help to reshape or replace the dental restoration to improve the appearance of your smile.

Associated Dental Problems

Gum Disease

A gummy smile can lead to an increased risk of gum disease, also known as periodontitis. When the gums cover a large portion of the teeth, it can be difficult to properly clean those areas, allowing bacteria to build up and potentially cause inflammation and infection. Symptoms of gum disease include bleeding gums, bad breath, and receding gums.

Tooth Decay

Another dental problem associated with a gummy smile is tooth decay, as the excess gum tissue can make it difficult to clean the teeth properly. The buildup of plaque and bacteria on the teeth can lead to cavities and even tooth loss if left untreated. Regular dental appointments, proper brushing and flossing techniques, and may be necessary to prevent tooth decay.

Orthodontic Issues

A gummy smile may also be indicative of orthodontic issues, such as improper jaw development or malocclusion. Braces, clear aligners, or other orthodontic treatments may be necessary to correct the issues and prevent further dental problems. In some cases, orthognathic surgery may be necessary to correct underlying bone and jaw structure problems, especially in severe cases.

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Cosmetic Concerns

In addition to dental problems, a gummy smile can also cause cosmetic concerns and affect a person’s self-confidence. Cosmetic dentistry procedures such as gum contouring or crown lengthening can help minimize the appearance of excess gum tissue and create a more aesthetically pleasing smile. Discussing cosmetic concerns with your dentist can help determine the best course of action for your particular situation.

Is a Gummy Smile a Health Concern?


A gummy smile is a term used to describe excessive gum tissue that is visible when a person smiles. In most cases, it is a cosmetic concern and does not indicate any underlying health issues.


A gummy smile can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, orthodontic issues, or the shape and size of the teeth and jaw. In some cases, it can also be caused by certain medical conditions or medications that affect gum growth.


If a gummy smile is causing self-consciousness or affecting daily life, there are treatment options available. These may include orthodontic treatment, gum contouring surgery, or botox injections to relax the muscles that pull the upper lip too far up when smiling. In some cases, a combination of treatments may be necessary to achieve the desired result.

It is important to note that gummy smiles are usually not a health concern and do not typically require medical intervention. However, if a gummy smile is accompanied by other symptoms such as gum inflammation or bleeding, it may be a sign of gum disease and should be evaluated by a dentist or periodontist.

Treatment Options

Botox injections

If the cause of your gummy smile is overactive muscles in your upper lip, Botox injections may be a treatment option. This injectable neurotoxin limits muscle movement, which can help to reduce the appearance of a gummy smile. The effects of Botox injections typically last for several months.

Gum contouring

Gum contouring, also known as gum reshaping or gum sculpting, is a surgical procedure in which excess gum tissue is removed or reshaped to reveal more of your teeth. This procedure may be recommended if your gummy smile is caused by excessive or uneven gum tissue. Gum contouring can be done using a scalpel or a laser, depending on the case.

Orthodontic treatment

If your gummy smile is caused by issues with the alignment of your teeth, orthodontic treatment may be recommended. Braces or clear aligners can help to correct the position of your teeth, which may in turn reduce the visibility of your gums when you smile.

Lip repositioning surgery

In some cases, the position of your upper lip is the cause of your gummy smile. Lip repositioning surgery involves removing a small amount of tissue from the inside of your upper lip to adjust its height and reduce the amount of gum tissue that’s visible when you smile. Results may take several weeks to fully develop, but the effects of the procedure are typically long-lasting.

Crown lengthening

If your teeth are too short and your gums are too prominent when you smile, crown lengthening may be recommended. This surgical procedure involves the removal of gum tissue to expose more of your teeth’s surface, with or without removing small amounts of bone surrounding the teeth. Crown lengthening may take a few weeks to heal, but once it has, the teeth will appear longer and more proportional.

Non-Surgical Treatments


Botox injections are commonly used to treat a gummy smile. The injection targets the muscles that control the upper lip, and weaken them for several months. This prevents the upper lip from lifting too high and revealing excessive gum tissue. The procedure is quick and relatively painless, with minimal downtime. Results typically last around 4-6 months.

Dermal Fillers

Dermal fillers can also be used to treat a gummy smile. By adding volume to the upper lip, the gums appear less prominent when the mouth is open. Hyaluronic acid fillers are typically used for this purpose and results can last anywhere from 6-12 months depending on the individual.

Laser Gum Contouring

Laser gum contouring is a non-surgical procedure that involves removing excess gum tissue with a laser. This is a precise and targeted treatment method that can quickly improve the appearance of a gummy smile. There is minimal pain and downtime associated with this treatment, and results are typically long-lasting.

  • Overall, there are several non-surgical treatment options available for those looking to correct a gummy smile.
  • It’s important to consult with a qualified provider to determine the best course of treatment for your individual needs.
  • In some cases, a combination of treatment methods may be recommended for optimal results.

Surgical Options

Gum Contouring

One of the main surgical options for treating a gummy smile is gum contouring, also known as gum reshaping or gingivectomy. This procedure involves removing excess gum tissue to reveal more of the teeth and create a more balanced smile. It is often performed using a laser and can be completed in one visit to the dentist’s office.

Orthognathic Surgery

Orthognathic surgery, also known as corrective jaw surgery, may be recommended for patients with a gummy smile caused by an overgrowth of the upper jaw. This procedure involves repositioning the upper jaw to align with the lower jaw and can also improve breathing and bite issues.

Lip Repositioning

If the gummy smile is caused by the position of the upper lip, lip repositioning surgery may be an option. This procedure involves making incisions in the upper lip and repositioning it to cover more of the gums. It can also help to create a more natural-looking smile.

Botox Injections

While not a surgical option, Botox injections can be used to temporarily relax the muscles that lift the upper lip, reducing the appearance of a gummy smile. This treatment is less invasive than surgical options, but the results are not permanent and will need to be repeated every few months.

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What to Expect During Treatment

Initial Consultation

The first step in treating a gummy smile is to schedule an initial consultation with a dental professional. During this appointment, the dentist will evaluate the severity of your gummy smile and discuss your treatment options. They will also take X-rays or impressions of your teeth to aid in the treatment planning process.

Treatment Options

There are several different treatment options for a gummy smile, including gum contouring, Botox injections, and orthodontic treatment. Gum contouring involves the removal of excess gum tissue to reveal more of the tooth surface. Botox injections can reduce the appearance of a gummy smile by relaxing the muscles that control the movement of the upper lip. Orthodontic treatment, such as braces or Invisalign, can also be used to correct a gummy smile by moving the position of the teeth.

Procedure Details

The specific details of your gummy smile treatment will depend on the chosen method. If you undergo gum contouring, the dentist will use a laser or scalpel to remove excess gum tissue. If you receive Botox injections, the dentist will inject the solution into specific muscles around the upper lip. If you undergo orthodontic treatment, you will typically need to wear braces or clear aligners for several months to a few years.

Note: Some gummy smile treatments may require multiple appointments for the best results. It is important to follow your dentist’s treatment plan as closely as possible to ensure a successful outcome.

Recovery and Aftercare

The recovery process will depend on the type of gummy smile treatment you receive. Gum contouring and Botox injections typically have minimal downtime, while orthodontic treatment may require some adjustment time to get used to the braces or aligners. Your dentist will provide specific aftercare instructions to follow at home, which may include avoiding certain foods or taking pain medication as needed.

Note: It is important to attend all follow-up appointments with your dentist to ensure your treatment progresses as planned and to address any concerns or issues that arise.

Recovery and Aftercare

Immediate post-treatment care:

After gummy smile treatment, you may experience slight swelling and discomfort, which can be managed by applying ice packs or taking pain medication as directed by your dentist. Avoid hot and spicy foods for at least 24 hours. You may also need to use a soft-bristled toothbrush and rinse with a medicated mouthwash for a few days after treatment. It is important to follow your dentist’s instructions carefully to ensure proper healing.

Long-term care:

To prevent the recurrence of a gummy smile, it is essential to maintain good oral hygiene. Brush your teeth twice a day and floss daily, and visit your dentist regularly for checkups and cleanings. If you have a habit of grinding your teeth, talk to your dentist about getting a mouthguard to prevent damage to your gums and teeth. Additionally, if you have any concerns about your smile after treatment, consult your dentist to determine if additional treatment is needed.

Aftercare tips:

  • Avoid smoking and chewing tobacco, as they can delay the healing process and increase the risk of infection.
  • Avoid eating hard or sticky foods for a few days after treatment until your gums have fully healed.
  • If you experience any unusual symptoms, such as severe pain or bleeding, contact your dentist immediately.

Risks and Complications


Any surgical procedure carries a risk of infection. The use of anesthesia during gum contouring can further increase the risk of infection. It is important to follow all post-operative instructions from your dentist to prevent infection.

Unsatisfactory Results

Gum contouring is an aesthetic procedure, and the results may not meet the patient’s expectations. It is essential to have realistic expectations and to discuss the potential outcomes with your dentist before undergoing the procedure.

Excessive Gum Removal

Removing too much gum tissue can lead to complications such as tooth sensitivity and possible damage to the roots of the teeth. It is crucial to choose an experienced and skilled dentist for gum contouring to ensure the right amount of gum tissue is removed.

Delayed Healing

The healing process after gum contouring can take several weeks, depending on the extent of the procedure. Delayed healing can occur if the patient fails to follow the post-operative instructions or if there are underlying medical conditions that affect healing.

Changes in Tooth Sensitivity

Aggressive gum contouring can cause changes in tooth sensitivity. Patients may experience temporary or permanent sensitivity to hot or cold substances.


The cost of gum contouring varies depending on the extent of the procedure and the location of the dental clinic. It is essential to discuss the cost with your dentist before the procedure to ensure you can afford the treatment.

Cosmetic Benefits

Improved Appearance

A gummy smile can make your teeth look small and your gums look big, which can affect the overall appearance of your smile. With gum contouring, you can remove excess gum tissue and reshape the gum line, revealing more of your teeth. This can create the appearance of longer, more proportionate teeth, making your smile look more balanced and attractive.

Boosted Confidence

Many people with a gummy smile feel self-conscious about their appearance and avoid smiling or laughing in public. Gum contouring can help boost your confidence by improving the look of your smile. When you feel more confident about your appearance, you are more likely to smile and communicate with others – which can have a positive impact on your personal and professional life.

Non-Invasive Procedure

Gum contouring is a minimally invasive cosmetic dentistry procedure that involves removing excess gum tissue with a laser or scalpel. This means that there is minimal discomfort and swelling after the procedure. In addition, the recovery time is usually quick and most people can return to their normal activities the same day. Unlike more invasive procedures, such as dental implants or braces, gum contouring is a quick and easy way to improve the look of your smile without undergoing extensive treatment.

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Cost of Treatment

Factors Affecting the Cost

The cost of treating a gummy smile can vary depending on various factors such as the severity of the issue, the type of treatment required, the qualifications and experience of the dentist, and the location of the dental clinic.

Severity of the Issue: The severity of the problem determines the complexity of the treatment, which can affect the cost. Mild cases may require only minor adjustments, while severe cases may require extensive procedures.

Type of Treatment: Different types of treatment are available for addressing a gummy smile, such as orthodontics, surgical procedures, and botox injections. The type of treatment required can impact the cost significantly.

Dentist’s Qualifications and Experience: Experienced and highly qualified dentists may charge a higher fee due to their expertise and reputation in the field.

Location of the Clinic: The location of the clinic can also affect the cost of treatment. Dental clinics in more expensive areas may charge a higher fee.

Cost of Different Treatment Options

The cost of treating a gummy smile through various methods can vary widely. Here are some of the common treatment options and their approximate costs:

  • Orthodontics – $3,000 to $10,000
  • Gingivectomy – $500 to $3,000
  • Laser Gum Contouring – $500 to $3,000
  • Botox Injections – $400 to $800 per session

Please note that these are approximate costs and may vary depending on various factors, as mentioned above. It is recommended to consult with a qualified dentist to determine the most suitable treatment option and its cost based on your specific situation.

Choosing a Provider


When choosing a provider for gummy smile treatment, it is important to consider their specialization. Look for a dentist or orthodontist who has experience in cosmetic procedures, particularly those focused on the gums and teeth. You may also want to consider a provider who is trained in laser dentistry, as this technology can offer minimally invasive and precise treatment for excess gum tissue.

Experience and Credentials

Experience and credentials are also important factors to consider when choosing a provider for gummy smile treatment. Look for a provider who has a track record of successful procedures and positive reviews from patients. Additionally, check if your preferred provider is licensed and accredited by recognized dental organizations such as the American Dental Association (ADA).

Cost and Insurance

Gummy smile treatment can be costly, so it is important to understand the total cost of the procedure beforehand. Ask for a detailed estimate and inquire if your insurance provider covers the procedure. If not, ask about financing and payment options that the provider offers. It is also important to note that some providers may offer a discount for multiple procedures or refer a friend programs.

Location and Availability

Finally, consider the location and availability of the provider. Look for a provider who is conveniently located and has flexible scheduling options. You may also want to consider providers who offer emergency dental services in case of unexpected complications.

Questions and Answers:

What are the causes of a gummy smile?

A gummy smile can be caused by a variety of factors, including excessive gum tissue, a short upper lip, a hyperactive muscle that lifts the upper lip too high, or a combination of these factors.

Is there a way to fix a gummy smile without surgery?

Yes, there are non-surgical options such as botox injections, lip repositioning surgery or crown lengthening. These options will depend on the severity of the issue and your personal preference.

What are the risks associated with surgery to correct a gummy smile?

The risks associated with surgery for a gummy smile are similar to those of any dental surgery, including infection, swelling, pain and bleeding. However, the risks are relatively low and can be minimized with proper care before and after the surgery.


Thomas Wilson

As a man, I never really thought much about my smile until I started noticing my gums showing more than I would like. After reading this article about gummy smiles, I feel much more informed about the possible causes and treatments. I appreciate the practical advice provided, such as practicing proper oral hygiene and seeking professional treatment options like Botox injections or gum contouring. It’s reassuring to know that I don’t have to live with a gummy smile if it’s bothering me. Overall, this article was helpful and informative for someone like me who may not always prioritize dental aesthetics in my daily life.

Liam Smith

As a male reader, I found this article about gummy smile to be quite informative and enlightening. It’s interesting to know that a gummy smile doesn’t necessarily mean that there’s something wrong with your teeth or gums. Learning about the different treatments available was helpful in case I or someone I know ever needs to address this issue. Overall, a great read for anyone looking to understand more about different dental concerns.

Olivia Brown

As a woman who has always been self-conscious about my smile, stumbling upon this article about gummy smiles was a godsend. Prior to reading this piece, I had no idea that a gummy smile was even a real thing, but now I feel more informed and confident about my dental options. The tips provided for treatment were particularly helpful, and I feel much more at ease knowing there are a variety of solutions out there. This article has made me feel more empowered to tackle my dental insecurities head-on, and for that, I am truly grateful.