- Understanding Diabetes: Everything You Need to Know
- What is Diabetes?
- Causes and Risk Factors
- Symptoms and Diagnosis
- Treatment and Management
- The Basics of Diabetes
- What is Diabetes?
- Types of Diabetes
- Symptoms of Diabetes
- Types of Diabetes
- Type 1 Diabetes
- Type 2 Diabetes
- Gestational Diabetes
- Other Types of Diabetes
- Causes of Diabetes
- Type 1 Diabetes
- Type 2 Diabetes
- Gestational Diabetes
- Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes
- Increased Thirst and Frequent Urination
- Unexplained Weight Loss
- Fatigue and Irritability
- Vision Problems
- Numbness and Tingling
- Slow-Healing Wounds
- Diagnosing Diabetes
- Blood Tests for Diagnosis
- Hemoglobin A1C Test
- Common Symptoms for Diagnosis
- The Importance of Early Diagnosis
- Treatment Options for Diabetes
- Lifestyle Changes
- Alternative Therapies
- Preventing Diabetes
- Achieving a healthy weight
- Adopting a healthy diet
- Regular physical activity
- Screening for prediabetes
- Diet and Nutrition for Diabetes
- Importance of Diet for Diabetes
- Food Choices for Diabetes
- Portion Control for Diabetes
- Carbohydrate Counting for Diabetes
- Person-centered Nutrition Counseling for Diabetes
- Exercise and Fitness for Diabetes
- The Importance of Exercise for Diabetes
- Types of Exercise
- Exercise Precautions
- Support and Resources for Diabetes
- Support Groups
- Online Resources
- Educational Programs
- Financial Assistance
- The Emotional Side of Living with Diabetes
- Managing the Mental Health Impact of Diabetes
- The Stigma of Diabetes
- Long-Term Complications of Diabetes
- Nerve Damage
- Eye Complications
- Managing Diabetes During Special Circumstances
- Sick Days
- Exercise and Sports
- Current Research and Discoveries on Diabetes
- Discovery of New Subtypes of Diabetes
- Advancements in Continuous Glucose Monitoring
- Potential for Gene Editing to Cure Type 1 Diabetes
- Investigations into Preventative Measures
- The Future of Diabetes Treatment and Management
- Advancements in Technology
- Gene Editing
- New Drug Therapies
- Personalized Medicine
- Questions and Answers:
Everything You Need to Know About Diabetes
Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects millions of people around the world. It is a disease that affects the way your body processes glucose, which is the main source of energy for your body. If left untreated, diabetes can lead to serious health problems like kidney damage, nerve damage, vision loss, and even amputations.
There are two main types of diabetes – type 1 and type 2. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease where the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. Type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, is a condition where the body becomes resistant to insulin or doesn’t produce enough of it. Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes and is often caused by lifestyle factors like a poor diet, lack of exercise, and being overweight or obese.
Diabetes can be managed through lifestyle changes, medications, and regular medical care. It is important to monitor blood sugar levels regularly and work with your healthcare provider to develop a plan that works best for you. This article will cover everything you need to know about diabetes, including its causes, symptoms, risk factors, complications, and treatment options.
Understanding Diabetes: Everything You Need to Know
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects how your body utilises glucose, a type of sugar. It occurs when the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin to regulate blood sugar levels in the body or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin produced. There are three main types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes.
Causes and Risk Factors
While the exact causes of diabetes remain unknown, genetics, lifestyle factors, and environmental factors can all play a role. Some known risk factors include obesity, physical inactivity, poor diet, family history, and certain medical conditions like PCOS or high blood pressure.
Symptoms and Diagnosis
Common symptoms of diabetes include increased thirst, frequent urination, blurred vision, slow healing wounds, and fatigue. To diagnose diabetes, your doctor will perform a blood test to measure your blood sugar levels. They may also perform additional tests to determine which type of diabetes you have.
Treatment and Management
Managing diabetes involves maintaining a healthy diet, getting regular exercise, monitoring blood sugar levels, and taking medication as prescribed. Additionally, it’s important to have regular check-ups with your doctor to monitor for any complications. With proper management, individuals with diabetes can lead healthy and fulfilling lives.
The Basics of Diabetes
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a medical condition in which your body cannot properly process glucose, which is a type of sugar. This happens because you have either a lack of insulin, which is a hormone produced by the pancreas, or your body is resistant to insulin. Insulin regulates your blood sugar levels, so without it, your blood sugar levels can become too high or too low.
Types of Diabetes
There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. Type 1 diabetes, which is also known as juvenile diabetes, is a condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin. It usually develops in children and young adults, and they require insulin injections or an insulin pump to manage their blood sugar levels. Type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, is a condition in which the body becomes resistant to insulin or does not produce enough insulin. This type of diabetes is more common in adults and can usually be managed with a healthy lifestyle, medication, and/or insulin therapy, if needed.
Symptoms of Diabetes
The symptoms of diabetes can vary depending on the type and severity of the condition. However, some common symptoms include increased thirst, frequent urination, extreme hunger, fatigue, blurred vision, slow-healing wounds, and numbness or tingling in the hands or feet. It is important to seek medical attention if you are experiencing any of these symptoms, especially if you have a family history of diabetes.
In conclusion, diabetes is a medical condition that affects the way your body processes glucose. This results in high or low blood sugar levels, which can cause a range of symptoms. If you suspect that you have diabetes, it is important to talk to your doctor and get diagnosed as soon as possible so that you can begin managing the condition and reducing the risk of complications.
Types of Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes, also known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin. This means the body cannot properly regulate blood sugar levels, which can lead to a range of health complications.
Type 1 diabetes usually develops in childhood or adolescence, but it can occur at any age. Symptoms may include frequent urination, extreme hunger or thirst, fatigue, and blurred vision. Treatment typically involves insulin therapy, a healthy diet, and regular exercise.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, accounting for about 90% of cases worldwide. It occurs when the body becomes resistant to insulin, or when the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin to meet the body’s needs.
Type 2 diabetes can develop slowly over time, and symptoms may not be obvious at first. They may include frequent urination, blurry vision, fatigue, and slow healing wounds. Factors that increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes include obesity, a sedentary lifestyle, and a diet high in sugar and processed foods.
Treatment for type 2 diabetes often involves a combination of lifestyle changes, such as losing weight and increasing physical activity, and medication, such as oral hypoglycemic agents or insulin therapy.
Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that affects pregnant women. It develops when the body cannot produce enough insulin to cope with the increased demand during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes usually goes away after childbirth, but women who have had gestational diabetes are at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
Women who have gestational diabetes may not experience any symptoms, but they may be at increased risk of developing high blood pressure, preeclampsia, and other complications during pregnancy. Treatment may involve monitoring blood sugar levels, making dietary changes, and taking medication if necessary.
Other Types of Diabetes
There are several other less common types of diabetes, including monogenic diabetes, which is caused by a genetic mutation, and cystic fibrosis-related diabetes, which can occur in people with cystic fibrosis. Some medications, such as corticosteroids, can also cause drug-induced diabetes.
If you have been diagnosed with diabetes, it is important to work with your healthcare team to develop an individualized treatment plan that takes into account your specific needs and medical history.
Causes of Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is caused by the destruction of insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. The exact cause of this destruction is unknown, but it is believed to result from a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Some researchers also believe that viruses or other infections may trigger the immune response that leads to the destruction of the pancreas cells.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is caused by a combination of genetic and lifestyle factors. Being overweight or obese, lack of physical activity, and poor diet are all risk factors for developing type 2 diabetes. Additionally, some ethnic groups, such as African Americans, Hispanic/Latino Americans and Native Americans, are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.
Insulin resistance, a condition in which the body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin, is another factor in the development of type 2 diabetes. This can be caused by a variety of factors, including inflammation, stress, and a buildup of fat in the liver or other organs.
Gestational diabetes is caused by hormonal changes during pregnancy that can lead to insulin resistance. Some women are more likely to develop gestational diabetes, including those with a family history of diabetes, those who are overweight or obese, and those over the age of 25.
Gestational diabetes usually goes away after pregnancy, but women who develop the condition are at increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes
Increased Thirst and Frequent Urination
One of the earliest signs of diabetes is increased thirst. This is because high levels of sugar in the blood can cause dehydration. Along with increased thirst, frequent urination is also a common symptom of diabetes.
Unexplained Weight Loss
If you are losing weight without trying, it could be a sign of diabetes. This is because your body is not able to process the glucose in your blood and it begins to break down fat and muscle tissue for energy.
Fatigue and Irritability
High blood sugar levels can cause fatigue and irritability. This is because the cells in your body are not able to use glucose for energy. This can lead to feelings of fatigue and irritability.
Diabetes can also cause vision problems. High blood sugar can damage the blood vessels in the eyes, which can lead to vision problems and even blindness if left untreated.
Numbness and Tingling
Numbness and tingling in the hands and feet can also be a sign of diabetes. High blood sugar can damage the nerves in the body, leading to numbness and tingling.
If you have a wound that is slow to heal, it could be a sign of diabetes. High blood sugar can affect the circulation and immune system, making it difficult for the body to heal properly.
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it’s important to see a doctor as soon as possible. Early diagnosis and treatment can help you manage your diabetes and prevent complications.
Blood Tests for Diagnosis
One way to diagnose diabetes is through a blood test. The fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test measures blood sugar levels after fasting for at least 8 hours. If the result shows that the blood sugar level is higher than 126 mg/dL, it could indicate diabetes. Another test is the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), which involves drinking a glucose solution before a two-hour wait. A blood sample will then be taken, and a reading of 200 mg/dL or higher could indicate diabetes.
Hemoglobin A1C Test
The hemoglobin A1C (HbA1c) test is another blood test that indicates diabetes. It measures the average blood sugar level for the past two to three months. This test is useful for patients since they don’t have to fast before the test. Results showing a level of 6.5% or higher indicate diabetes.
Common Symptoms for Diagnosis
Apart from blood tests, there are also common symptoms that can indicate diabetes. These include increased thirst and urination, weight loss, fatigue, blurred vision, and slow healing of wounds. If you are experiencing these symptoms, it’s best to see a doctor promptly for a diagnosis.
The Importance of Early Diagnosis
Early diagnosis is crucial in managing diabetes. Untreated diabetes can lead to severe complications such as heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, and even blindness. It’s recommended that adults get tested for diabetes every three years starting at age 45. However, those with a family history of diabetes, obesity, or other risk factors may need to get tested more frequently.
Treatment Options for Diabetes
One of the most effective ways to manage diabetes is through lifestyle changes. This includes:
- Following a healthy diet that is rich in fruits, vegetables, lean protein, and whole grains.
- Exercising regularly, for at least 30 minutes a day, 5 days a week.
- Avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption.
- Maintaining a healthy weight.
These changes can help control blood sugar levels, improve overall health and prevent or delay complications associated with diabetes.
For some people with diabetes, lifestyle changes may not be enough. In these cases, medication may be necessary to control blood sugar levels. There are different types of medications that can be prescribed depending on the type of diabetes, the severity of the disease, and other health conditions:
- Metformin, which helps lower blood sugar levels and improve insulin sensitivity.
- Sulfonylureas, which stimulate the pancreas to release more insulin.
- DPP-4 inhibitors, which help regulate blood sugar by blocking the enzyme that breaks down incretin hormones.
- Insulin therapy, which involves injecting insulin into the body to help regulate blood sugar levels.
It is important to follow the prescribed medication regimen and to monitor blood sugar levels regularly to ensure that the treatment is working effectively.
Some people with diabetes may choose to use alternative therapies in addition to conventional treatment. While there is limited research on the effectiveness of these therapies, some people have reported benefits from:
- Meditation and mindfulness practices
- Dietary supplements
- Herbal remedies
It is important to discuss any alternative therapies with a healthcare provider to ensure that they are safe and do not interfere with conventional treatment.
Achieving a healthy weight
Maintaining a healthy weight is crucial in preventing diabetes. Those who are overweight or obese have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Losing even a small amount of weight can make a significant difference. A combination of healthy eating and consistent exercise can help achieve and maintain a healthy weight.
Adopting a healthy diet
A healthy and balanced diet can reduce the risk of diabetes. This includes consuming plenty of vegetables, whole grains, fruits, lean proteins, and healthy fats while limiting processed foods, sugar, and saturated fats. Choosing foods with a low glycemic index can also help prevent diabetes.
Limiting alcohol intake, quitting smoking, and reducing stress levels can also aid in the prevention of diabetes.
Regular physical activity
Consistent exercise can reduce the risk of diabetes by improving insulin sensitivity and aiding in weight management. A combination of aerobic exercises and strength training is recommended, with a goal of at least 150 minutes per week.
Screening for prediabetes
Being aware of prediabetes can help prevent the development of diabetes. Regular screening and monitoring of blood sugar levels can help identify if prediabetes is present. With early identification, lifestyle interventions can be implemented to prevent diabetes from developing.
- Regular physical activity and healthy eating habits can reduce the risk of developing diabetes up to 58% in those with prediabetes.
- The Diabetes Prevention Program, a lifestyle program aimed at preventing diabetes, has been shown to reduce the risk of developing diabetes by up to 58% in those with prediabetes.
Diet and Nutrition for Diabetes
Importance of Diet for Diabetes
Diet plays a vital role in managing diabetes. People with diabetes need to pay special attention to what they eat, as certain foods can affect their blood sugar levels. A healthy, balanced diet can help keep blood sugar levels in check and reduce the risk of long-term complications associated with diabetes.
Food Choices for Diabetes
When planning meals, people with diabetes should aim to eat foods that are rich in nutrients and low in calories. Fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats are all good choices. Foods that are high in sugar, saturated fats, and refined carbohydrates should be avoided or eaten in moderation.
Portion Control for Diabetes
Portion control is essential for people with diabetes, as overeating can cause blood sugar levels to spike. Using measuring cups and spoons, or sticking to pre-portioned serving sizes, can help ensure that people with diabetes are eating the right amount of food.
Carbohydrate Counting for Diabetes
Carbohydrates have the most significant impact on blood sugar levels, so people with diabetes often need to keep track of how many carbs they eat. Carbohydrate counting can help people with diabetes manage their blood sugar levels by keeping their carbohydrate intake under control.
Person-centered Nutrition Counseling for Diabetes
Person-centered nutrition counseling can help people with diabetes improve their diet and manage their blood sugar levels. A registered dietitian can provide tailored nutrition advice and support based on a person’s individual needs and preferences. The dietitian can also help people with diabetes develop meal plans that fit their lifestyle and minimize the risk of complications.
Exercise and Fitness for Diabetes
The Importance of Exercise for Diabetes
Regular exercise is extremely important for individuals living with diabetes. Exercise can help to improve blood sugar control, increase insulin sensitivity, and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. Additionally, regular exercise can help to promote weight loss and improve overall health and well-being.
Types of Exercise
There are many types of exercise that can be beneficial for individuals with diabetes. Some examples include aerobic exercise, strength training, and flexibility exercises. Aerobic exercise such as walking, cycling, or swimming can help to improve cardiovascular health and promote weight loss. Strength training exercises, such as lifting weights or using resistance bands, can help to improve muscle strength and increase insulin sensitivity. Flexibility exercises, such as yoga or stretching, can help to improve overall mobility and reduce the risk of injury.
Though exercise is generally safe and beneficial for individuals with diabetes, there are some precautions that should be taken. It is important to monitor blood sugar levels before, during, and after exercise. Individuals should also wear appropriate shoes and clothing, stay hydrated, and fuel their bodies with healthy foods before and after exercise. Additionally, individuals should consult with their healthcare provider before starting any new exercise program.
Exercise is a crucial component of diabetes management. By incorporating regular physical activity into their daily routines, individuals with diabetes can help to improve their overall health and reduce the risk of complications. By choosing activities that they enjoy and taking necessary precautions, individuals with diabetes can achieve the many benefits of regular exercise.
Support and Resources for Diabetes
One of the most important aspects of living with diabetes is finding a community that understands what you’re going through. Joining a support group can provide emotional support, practical advice, and a sense of connection. Ask your healthcare provider for information about diabetes support groups in your area or search online for virtual support groups.
The internet is full of valuable resources and information for people with diabetes. Websites like the American Diabetes Association, Diabetes Self-Management, and Beyond Type 1 offer articles, recipes, community forums, and educational materials. Consider signing up for their newsletters or following their social media accounts for regular updates.
Many hospitals and healthcare organizations offer educational programs for people with diabetes. These programs can help you learn more about managing your diabetes, including healthy eating, physical activity, medication management, and blood glucose monitoring. Ask your healthcare provider for recommendations or search online for programs in your area.
Living with diabetes can be expensive, but there are resources available to help. Some organizations offer financial assistance for diabetes medication, medical supplies, and healthcare costs. Check with your insurance provider for coverage options and ask your healthcare provider for information about financial assistance programs.
- Remember, there is no shame in asking for help when it comes to taking care of your health.
The Emotional Side of Living with Diabetes
Managing the Mental Health Impact of Diabetes
Living with diabetes can have a significant impact on mental health. The constant need to monitor blood sugar levels, adhere to dietary restrictions, and manage medications can lead to stress, anxiety, and even depression. It is important for individuals with diabetes to address both their physical and mental health to maintain a high quality of life.
One way to manage the mental health impact of diabetes is to connect with others who understand what it’s like to live with the condition. Support groups and online forums can provide a space for individuals to share their experiences and find encouragement and guidance from others who have faced similar challenges.
The Stigma of Diabetes
Despite affecting more than 30 million Americans, there is still a significant amount of misunderstanding and stigma surrounding diabetes. Many people assume that the condition is a result of poor lifestyle choices, rather than recognizing it as a complex disease that can affect anyone.
This stigma can take a toll on the emotional well-being of individuals with diabetes, leading to feelings of shame, guilt, or self-blame. It is important to educate oneself and others about the realities of diabetes and to challenge harmful stereotypes.
Furthermore, individuals with diabetes may also face discrimination in various aspects of their lives, such as employment or access to healthcare. Advocacy efforts can help to raise awareness and fight against this injustice.
Overall, the emotional side of living with diabetes cannot be overlooked. By addressing the mental health impacts of diabetes and working to combat stigma, individuals can thrive and live fulfilling lives with the condition.
Long-Term Complications of Diabetes
One of the long-term complications of diabetes is nerve damage, which is also known as neuropathy. The high blood sugar levels associated with diabetes can cause damage to the nerves throughout the body. This can lead to tingling, numbness, or even pain in the hands and feet. In more severe cases, nerve damage can lead to problems with digestion, urination, and sexual function.
Diabetes can also cause complications with the eyes. High blood sugar levels can damage the blood vessels in the retina, which can lead to diabetic retinopathy. This condition can cause blurred vision, vision loss, and even blindness if left untreated. Diabetes can also increase the risk of developing other eye conditions such as cataracts and glaucoma.
Other complications of diabetes include:
- Cardiovascular disease
- Kidney damage
- Skin conditions
- Foot problems
If you have been diagnosed with diabetes, it is important to work closely with your healthcare team to manage your blood sugar levels and prevent or manage any complications that may arise.
Managing Diabetes During Special Circumstances
When traveling, it is important to plan ahead and bring all necessary diabetes supplies with you, including extra medication and testing supplies. Keep your insulin and medications in your carry-on luggage to ensure they do not get lost or damaged. Make sure to pack snacks in case of low blood sugar, and research local food options to maintain a balanced diet.
If you have diabetes and are pregnant, it is crucial to monitor your blood sugar levels closely and work with your healthcare provider to adjust your medication as needed. High blood sugar levels can lead to complications for both mother and baby, so it is important to maintain tight control. Regular prenatal checkups and fetal monitoring can help ensure a healthy pregnancy.
Illness can affect your blood sugar levels, so it is important to monitor your blood sugar closely when you are sick. Keep track of your temperature, drink plenty of fluids, and continue to take your medication as directed. If you are experiencing vomiting or diarrhea, talk to your healthcare provider about adjusting your medication regimen to prevent low blood sugar.
Exercise and Sports
Physical activity is important for overall health, but it can also affect blood sugar levels. Before starting a new exercise routine or participating in sports, talk to your healthcare provider about making adjustments to your medication or diet. Keep a snack with you in case of low blood sugar, and make sure to stay hydrated during physical activity. With proper planning, exercise can be a beneficial part of diabetes management.
Current Research and Discoveries on Diabetes
Discovery of New Subtypes of Diabetes
Recent research has identified new subtypes of diabetes, which could change the way the disease is diagnosed and treated. These subtypes are based on the patient’s age at diagnosis, body mass index, insulin sensitivity, and other factors. Scientists hope that recognizing these subtypes will improve individualized treatment and help patients manage their blood sugar levels more effectively.
Advancements in Continuous Glucose Monitoring
Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) technology has improved significantly in recent years, allowing for more accurate and convenient monitoring of blood sugar levels. New devices can be inserted under the skin and provide real-time readings of glucose levels, and some can even predict future glucose levels based on data patterns. These devices can help patients make adjustments to their diet and insulin dosages, leading to better diabetes management.
Potential for Gene Editing to Cure Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is caused by the body’s immune system attacking and destroying insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. Scientists are exploring the potential of gene editing technology to cure type 1 diabetes by editing the patient’s immune cells to stop attacking the pancreas. Early studies have shown promising results, but more research is needed before this technology can become a viable treatment option.
Investigations into Preventative Measures
Researchers are also studying preventive measures to reduce the risk of developing diabetes. Studies have shown that diet and exercise can lower the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, and some medications have been shown to delay or prevent the onset of diabetes in high-risk individuals. Identifying and implementing effective preventive measures could have major public health implications, as diabetes rates continue to rise worldwide.
The Future of Diabetes Treatment and Management
Advancements in Technology
Technology is advancing rapidly and the future of diabetes treatment and management will greatly benefit from it. There are already continuous glucose monitoring systems that can track blood sugar levels in real-time which helps individuals make better decisions about their insulin doses and food choices. In the future, we could see even more advanced monitoring systems that can automatically adjust insulin doses based on activity level and food intake.
Another exciting area of research is gene editing. Scientists are exploring ways to edit DNA to prevent, or even cure, types of diabetes that are caused by genetic mutations. This could be a game-changer for those who are at risk for developing diabetes, allowing for preventative measures to be taken in advance.
New Drug Therapies
There are many new drugs in development that show promise for the treatment of diabetes. These medications are designed to target specific pathways in the body that are involved in the development of diabetes and the complications associated with it. Some of these therapies are in clinical trials now, and if successful, could be available in the near future.
One of the most exciting developments in the future of diabetes treatment and management is personalized medicine. This approach takes into account an individual’s unique genetic makeup, lifestyle, and health history to create a treatment plan that is tailor-made for them. This approach could greatly improve outcomes for individuals with diabetes by optimizing treatment regimens to their specific needs.
In conclusion, the future of diabetes treatment and management looks promising. With advancements in technology, gene editing, new drug therapies, and personalized medicine, individuals with diabetes can look forward to a brighter future and better health outcomes. It’s an exciting time for diabetes research, and we can look forward to more breakthroughs in the years to come.
Questions and Answers:
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects how your body turns food into energy. There are two main types of diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults and occurs when the body does not produce insulin. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form and occurs when the body does not use insulin effectively.
What are the symptoms of diabetes?
The symptoms of diabetes include increased thirst, frequent urination, extreme hunger, unexplained weight loss, blurred vision, fatigue, and slow-healing sores or frequent infections. However, some people with Type 2 diabetes may not experience any symptoms at all.
How can I prevent diabetes?
To prevent diabetes, it’s important to maintain a healthy lifestyle. This includes eating a balanced diet, staying physically active, maintaining a healthy weight, and avoiding smoking. Additionally, if you have a family history of diabetes or if you are at risk for developing diabetes, it’s important to get screened regularly to catch the disease early.
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